What Are Convection Currents 2 Examples?

What are the three convection currents?

Convection currents flow in the asthenosphere.


The heat source for these currents is heat from Earth’s core and from the mantle itself.

2….There are three types of heat transfer:Radiation.

Radiation is the transfer of energy through empty space.



What is convection current short?

1a : a stream of fluid propelled by thermal convection. b : thermally produced vertical air flow. 2 : a surface charge of electricity on a moving body — compare convection sense 3c.

What causes convection?

Convection currents are the result of differential heating. … It is this movement that creates circulation patterns known as convection currents in the atmosphere, in water, and in the mantle of Earth. In the atmosphere, as air warms it rises, allowing cooler air to flow in underneath.

How do you explain convection?

Convection is the circular motion that happens when warmer air or liquid — which has faster moving molecules, making it less dense — rises, while the cooler air or liquid drops down. Convection is a major factor in weather. … That current can result in wind, clouds, or other weather.

What is the process of convection?

Convection is the process of carrying heat stored in a particle of the fluid into another location. Heat loss may occur by convection to cooler surrounding air or heat gain from surrounding warmer air.

What are 2 examples of conduction?

Some examples are:Conduction: Touching a stove and being burned. Ice cooling down your hand. … Convection: Hot air rising, cooling, and falling (convection currents) … Radiation: Heat from the sun warming your face.

What is convection definition and example?

Convection is the movement of heat because of the movement of warm matter. For example, atmospheric circulation moves warm air to cool places, causing wind. Wind, in turn, can enter and cool a room if the window is open.

What are 4 examples of convection?

13 Examples Of Convection In Everyday LifeBreeze. The formation of sea and land breeze form the classic examples of convection. … Boiling Water. Convection comes into play while boiling water. … Blood Circulation in Warm-Blooded Mammals. … Air-Conditioner. … Radiator. … Refrigerator. … Hot Air Popper. … Hot Air Balloon.More items…

What are 4 examples of radiation?

Radiation Examplesultraviolet light from the sun.heat from a stove burner.visible light from a candle.x-rays from an x-ray machine.alpha particles emitted from the radioactive decay of uranium.sound waves from your stereo.microwaves from a microwave oven.electromagnetic radiation from your cell phone.More items…•Jan 29, 2020

How do convection currents move?

Heat rising and falling inside the mantle creates convection currents generated by radioactive decay in the core. The convection currents move the plates. Where convection currents diverge near the Earth’s crust, plates move apart. Where convection currents converge, plates move towards each other.

Which is an example of convection current?

Convection currents are present in the air– A good example of convection current is the warm air that rises towards the ceiling in your house. The process happens as the warm air is said to be less dense than that of the colder air. Another good example of convection current is wind.

What is a good example of convection?

Everyday Examples of Convection radiator – A radiator puts warm air out at the top and draws in cooler air at the bottom. steaming cup of hot tea – The steam you see when drinking a cup of hot tea indicates that heat is being transferred into the air. ice melting – Ice melts because heat moves to the ice from the air.

What is needed for convection?

Natural convection, or free convection, occurs due to temperature differences which affect the density, and thus relative buoyancy, of the fluid. Heavier (denser) components will fall, while lighter (less dense) components rise, leading to bulk fluid movement.

What is convection in simple words?

1 : the action or process of conveying. 2a : movement in a gas or liquid in which the warmer parts move up and the cooler parts move down convection currents.

What are the applications of convection?

Uses of convection – exampleCar engines are cooled by convection currents in the water pipes. … Land and sea breezes are caused due to convection currents.Rising air over the land are convection currents and are used by glider pilots to keep their gliders in the sky.More items…

Where do convection currents occur?

Convection currents occur within: the geosphere – plate tectonics. the atmosphere – wind. the hydrosphere – ocean currents.

How do convection currents affect weather?

During convection, cooler water or air sinks, and warmer water or air rises. This movement causes currents. … These currents move water all around the earth, bringing warm water to cooler areas and vice versa. This redistributes thermal energy and causes changes in the weather.